Accommodative spasm, also known as accommodative cramp, is a rare condition that affects the muscles in the eyes responsible for focusing. It is a type of spasm that occurs in the ciliary muscles of the eye, which are responsible for changing the shape of the lens to focus on near objects. Accommodative spasm causes these muscles to remain in a state of contraction, which makes it difficult for the eyes to focus on distant objects.
The most common symptom of accommodative spasm is difficulty focusing on distant objects. Patients with this condition often experience blurred vision or double vision when trying to focus on objects that are far away. They may also experience eye strain, headaches, and fatigue, especially when reading or doing other activities that require near vision.
The exact cause of accommodative spasm is not well understood. However, it is believed to be related to stress and anxiety, which can cause the ciliary muscles to contract involuntarily. It is also thought to be more common in individuals who have a history of eye strain or who have undergone extensive near work, such as reading, writing or using a computer for long periods.
Treatment for accommodative spasm typically involves correcting the underlying cause of the condition, which may include addressing stress and anxiety, or reducing activities that require extensive near work. In some cases, eye exercises or vision therapy may be recommended to help relax the ciliary muscles and improve eye coordination.
Glasses or contact lenses may also be prescribed to help correct the patient’s vision, especially if they have a refractive error such as nearsightedness or farsightedness. In rare cases, surgery may be required to correct the spasm, although this is usually only considered in severe cases that do not respond to other treatments.
To prevent accommodative spasm, it is important to maintain good eye health by taking frequent breaks when doing near work, practicing good eye hygiene, and using proper lighting when reading or using a computer. It is also important to manage stress and anxiety through relaxation techniques such as meditation, deep breathing, or yoga.
In conclusion, accommodative spasm is a rare condition that affects the muscles in the eyes responsible for focusing. It can cause difficulty focusing on distant objects, eye strain, headaches, and fatigue. Treatment typically involves correcting the underlying cause of the condition, and in some cases, glasses, contact lenses, or vision therapy may be recommended. To prevent accommodative spasm, it is important to maintain good eye health and manage stress and anxiety.
At The Eye Center- Dr. Mahnaz Naveed Shah & Associates our team of eight ophthalmology subspecialists/ eye specialists, eye surgeons who are considered amongst the very best eye specialists in Karachi and in Pakistan, have the diagnostic and treatment capabilities to treat from the simplest to the most complex patients. We work hard to provide our patients with the best possible medical and surgical eye care, in a state of the art purpose built eye care facility. We offer the entire array of medical, laser and surgical treatments to help provide patients the best possible care in the most efficient, safe and ethical manner.
If you need an appointment, please contact us at 03041119544 during our working hours or leave us a WhatsApp message at +923028291799 and someone will connect with you. Walk-in appointments are also available for emergencies. We can also be reached through our web portal on www.surgicaleyecenter.org