An eye twitch is an uncontrollable eyelid or eye muscle spasm or movement. Your physician may diagnose it as blepharospasm. Your upper eyelid is more likely to experience it. Every few seconds, and usually only for a minute or two, the lid moves.
Eye twitches can be found in three different kinds.
Small eyelid twitches are frequently related to commonplace factors like fatigue, stress, or caffeine. The membranes that line your eyelids (conjunctiva) or the surface of your eye (cornea) may be irritating if you also have this condition.
In mid- to late adulthood, benign essential blepharospasm typically manifests and worsens with time. In the US, just 2,000 people are given the diagnosis each year. It is twice as common in women as in men. Although it is not a serious ailment, more severe forms can make daily life difficult.
Continuous blinking or eye annoyance are the first symptoms. You might become more sensitive to light, get blurry vision, and experience facial spasms as it worsens. Your eyelids may remain closed for several hours if the spasms are severe enough.
Even rarer still is a hemifacial spasm. The muscles in your mouth and eyelid are involved. It typically affects only one side of your face, as opposed to the other two forms. A facial nerve being compressed by an artery is the most frequent cause.
A strange signal in your brain or in the muscles of your face may cause your eyelid to twitch. Daily activities such as fatigue, stress, caffeine, alcohol, smoking, light sensitivity, and other drugs and alcohol can all cause this. Some drugs, particularly those used to treat epilepsy and psychosis
Rarely, but some nervous system and brain problems can also cause twitching of the eyelids. These include Bell’s palsy, Tourette’s syndrome, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and Brain Damage.
Eye spasms might last all day for some people. They may last for several days, weeks, or even months. They could divert your attention and lower your quality of life.
If your twitch persists, you can constantly wink or squint and struggle to see.
Consult a physician if the twitch lasts longer than a week, your eyelid totally closes, other facial muscles are involved in the spasms, your eyes are red, swollen, or discharge, and your upper eyelid droops.
If your doctor suspects a brain or nerve issue, they will search for further typical signs of the illness. They might advise you to consult a specialist like a neurologist.
The majority of mild twitches vanish on their own. Getting enough sleep and limiting coffee, alcohol, and tobacco use may be beneficial. Try over-the-counter artificial tears if your eyes are dry or irritated.
Benign essential blepharospasm cannot be cured. However, your physician can provide symptom relief. Botulinum toxin is the most widely utilised therapy (Botox, Dysport, Xeomin). Hemifacial spasms are also treated by it.
Your doctor will inject small amounts into your eye muscles to ease the spasms. The effect lasts a few months and it slowly wears off. You may need more than one treatment.
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