When a person has different colored iris’s it is known as heterochromia. Heterochromia comes in a few different forms. Complete heterochromia is a condition in which both irises have different colours. Partial heterochromia is the term for when only a portion of one iris has the same colour as the rest of it. When the inner ring of the iris is a different colour from the outside region, this condition is known as central heterochromia.

Heterochromia can have a wide range of forms and causes. It may already exist at birth or appear soon after birth in a baby. Congenital heterochromia is the term used in these circumstances.

Most children born with heterochromia will not have any other symptoms. They do not have any further eye or overall health issues. Heterochromia, however, might occasionally be a sign of another disease.

Causes of heterochromia in infants can include Benign heterochromia, Horner’s syndrome, Sturge-Weber syndrome, Waardenburg syndrome, Piebaldism, Hirschsprung disease, Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome, von Recklinghausen disease, Bourneville disease and Parry-Romberg syndrome

Acquired heterochromia is the term used to describe heterochromia that develops later in life. The potential causes of acquired heterochromia are eye injury, bleeding in the eye, inflammation due to iritis or uveitis, after eye surgerym Fuch’s heterochromic cyclitis, acquired Horner’s Syndrome, glaucoma, pigment dispersion syndrome, ocular melanosis, Posner-Schlossman syndrome, iris ectropion syndrome, benign and malignant tumors of the iris, diabetes, central retinal vein occlusion and Chediak-higashi Syndrome. Moreover, some anti glaucoma medications, prostaglandin analogues, which are also used cosmetically to thicken eyelashes can also cause heterochromia.

An ophthalmologist should check your baby if they have heterochromia. The ophthalmologist will confirm that heterochromia is present and search for any underlying causes. There will not often be any alarming disease or condition causing the eye colour fluctuation. It is crucial to rule out these ailments, though.

Consult an ophthalmologist if heterochromia develops in adulthood or if it alters in appearance. He or she can carry out a thorough eye examination to rule out any underlying problems and, if required, develop a treatment plan.

The goal of heterochromia treatment is to address any underlying causes of the disorder. Treatment might not be required if there are no additional eye problems.

At The Eye Center- Dr. Mahnaz Naveed Shah & Associates our team of eight ophthalmology subspecialists/ eye specialists, eye surgeons who are considered amongst the very best eye specialists in Karachi and in Pakistan, have the diagnostic and treatment capabilities to treat from the simplest to the most complex patients. We work hard to provide our patients with the best possible medical and surgical eye care, in a state of the art purpose built eye care facility. We offer the entire array of medical, laser and surgical treatments to help provide patients the best possible care in the most efficient, safe and ethical manner.

If you need an appointment, please contact us at 03041119544 during our working hours or leave us a WhatsApp message at +923028291799 and someone will connect with you. Walk-in appointments are also available for emergencies. We can also be reached through our web portal on www.surgicaleyecenter.org

Image Credit AAO.org

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