There are several surgical procedures that are used to treat glaucoma, a group of eye disorders that can lead to vision loss and blindness. These procedures are designed to lower the pressure inside the eye, which is the main risk factor for the development and progression of glaucoma. Here are some of the most common surgical procedures for glaucoma:

  1. Trabeculectomy: This is a type of filtration surgery that creates a new drainage pathway for the fluid in the eye, allowing it to drain out more easily and lower the pressure.
  2. Drainage Implant Surgery: A small drainage device is implanted in the eye to help the fluid drain out more easily. This can be combined with trabeculectomy or used as an alternative.
  3. Laser Trabeculoplasty: This is a type of laser surgery that uses a specialized laser to modify the trabecular meshwork and improve the drainage of fluid in the eye.
  4. Cyclophotocoagulation: This is a type of laser surgery that is used to reduce the production of fluid in the eye and lower the pressure.
  5. Goniotomy: This is a type of surgery that is performed in infants and young children with a type of glaucoma called congenital glaucoma. The surgeon makes a small incision in the eye and removes a portion of the trabecular meshwork to improve drainage and lower pressure.
  6. MIGS. Microinvasive or Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgeries that are the newest developments in glaucoma surgery and are excellent options for early to moderate and some forms of secondary glaucomas.

It is important to note that surgical options for glaucoma may vary depending on the specific type of glaucoma, the severity of the condition, and the overall health of the patient. A comprehensive eye exam and consultation with an eye specialist who specializes in glaucoma is necessary to determine the best surgical option for each individual patient.

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