The conjunctiva is a layer of tissue that covers the inside of the eyelids and the front of the eyeball (the white area of the eye), but not the cornea (the coloured looking part of the eye). It aids in shielding the eye from irritants like smoke, airborne bacteria, and allergies, as well as the harmful effects of sun and wind. The cornea, tears, and eyelids provide additional safeguards for the eye.

Conjunctivitis, an inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye, develops in reaction to these assaults and manifests as redness, swelling, and discharge. It can be brought on by physical or chemical irritation, allergies, or bacterial or viral infection. Determining the condition’s aetiology and severity is a prerequisite for treatment.

Allergic conjunctivitis can be perennial (occurs all year long) as a result of exposure to foods or food additives, indoor and outdoor mould spores, animal dander, and dust mites. It may also be seasonal due to allergens in the air, such as grass, tree, and weed pollen. The severity of pollen allergy symptoms varies from day to day and depends on the weather, doing better in the rain and getting worse in the sun and wind or right after a thunderstorm. Some airborne mould spores exhibit seasonal fluctuations as well, which may result in seasonal illnesses.

Typical signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis include redness in both eyes, itching and burning of both the eye and surrounding tissues, watery discharge, acute discomfort in bright sunlight light (photophobia). At times the conjunctiva itself may become very swollen and look light purple, and this may interfere with clarity of vision.

An allergic reaction can also affect the eyelids, causing the loose tissues to swell and the eyelid to droop as a result. The lids cannot open in situations of extreme enlargement, and the space between the upper and lower lids takes on a slit-like appearance.

It is crucial to remember that corneal haze or blurred vision necessitate an immediate referral to an eye doctor.

At The Eye Center- Dr. Mahnaz Naveed Shah & Associates our team of eight ophthalmology subspecialists/ eye specialists, eye surgeons who are considered amongst the very best eye specialists in Karachi and in Pakistan, have the diagnostic and treatment capabilities to treat from the simplest to the most complex patients. We work hard to provide our patients with the best possible medical and surgical eye care, in a state of the art purpose built eye care facility. We offer the entire array of medical, laser and surgical treatments to help provide patients the best possible care in the most efficient, safe and ethical manner. Our eye clinic is geared to providing you with the best possible patient care experience and delivering to you the very best eye care in Karachi.

If you need an appointment, please contact us at 03041119544 during our working hours or leave us a WhatsApp message at +923028291799 and someone will connect with you. Walk-in appointments are also available for emergencies. We can also be reached through our web portal on

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