Retinal detachment (RD) occurs when the thin layer of tissue, known as the retina, containing photoreceptors, in the back of the eye pulls away from its normal position. Retinal detachment is an ocular emergency as the longer the retina remains detached, the higher are the risks of losing vision permanently.

Indicators of RD include an unexpected emergence of numerous floaters, which are little specks that seem to be moving through your field of vision, flashes of light, blurred as well as gradually decreasing peripheral vision. RD is typically painless with a curtain-like shadow occurring over your field of vision.

There are three different types of retinal detachment: rhegmatogenous, tractional and exudative.

Rhegmatogenous detachment, the most common type of RD, occurs when a hole or tear in the retina permits fluid to pass through and pool beneath the retina. The retina begins to peel away from supporting tissues as a result of this fluid accumulation. Due to the reduction in blood flow and functional decline, loss of vision occurs.  Age and high myopia are the most common causes of this type of RD.

In tractional RD, scar tissue that forms on the retina’s surface can cause a detachment. The majority of the time, patients with poorly controlled diabetes or other illnesses have tractional separation.

In exudative RD there are no holes or rips in the retina with but fluid builds up underneath the retina. Exudative detachment can be brought on by tumors, inflammatory diseases, age-related macular degeneration, ocular injuries, and inflammatory conditions.

As RD is a serious condition, which requires prompt treatment, it is imperative that the appearance of floaters or flashes of light be taken seriously and immediate medical attention be warranted. Timely management of RD may result in the preservation of vision.

At The Eye Center- Dr. Mahnaz Naveed Shah & Associates our team of eight ophthalmology subspecialists/ eye specialists, eye surgeons who are considered amongst the very best eye specialists in Karachi and in Pakistan, have the diagnostic and treatment capabilities to treat from the simplest to the most complex patients. We work hard to provide our patients with the best possible medical and surgical eye care, in a state of the art purpose built eye care facility. We offer the entire array of medical, laser and surgical treatments to help provide patients the best possible care in the most efficient, safe and ethical manner. If you need an appointment, please contact us at 03041119544 during our working hours or leave us a WhatsApp message at +923028291799 and someone will connect with you. Walk-in appointments are also available for emergencies. We can also be reached through our web portal on

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